Europass - Overview
Europass has been established by the Decision No 2241/2004/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 15 December 2004 on a single transparency framework for qualifications and competences.
This Decision establishes a single Community framework for achieving the transparency of qualifications and competences by means of the creation of a personal, coordinated portfolio of documents, to be known as ‘Europass’, which citizens can use on a voluntary basis to better communicate and present their qualifications and competences throughout Europe.
|National Europass Centers
Europass is supported by a network of National Europass Centres. In every country (European Union and European Economic Area), a National Europass Centre coordinates all activities related to the Europass documents. It is the first point of contact for any person or organisation interested in using or learning more about Europass.
- coordinate the management of Europass documents;
- promote Europass and Europass documents;
- ensure that information and guidance centres are well informed about Europass and the Europass documents;
- ensure that all Europass documents are also available in paper versions;
- act as a national partner in the European network of National Europass Centres.
|Europass includes five European transparency documents.
Two Europass instruments can be completed directly by all citizens:
- The Europass CV, which is the backbone of the whole portfolio. With a common structure in all languages, it helps people highlight their competences. It is the most frequently used Europass document.
- The Europass Language Passport allows a detailed description of language skills, which in today’s Europe are more important than ever. This document is part of the more comprehensive European Language Portfolio, a tool developed by the Council of Europe.
|The other three Europass instruments are issued by competent organisations to citizens who have achieved a particular learning experience:
- The Europass Mobility is a record of experiences of transnational mobility for learning purposes – in vocational training as well as in higher education. It is completed by the home and host organisation that are involved in the mobility project.
- The Europass Diploma Supplement is issued along with a higher education diploma, by the same university or institution. It outlines the student’s educational pathway, making it easier to understand, in particular for potential employers.
- The Europass Certificate Supplement is issued along with a vocational education and training certificate, to clarify the competences acquired by the person who holds the certificate. Its production is a responsibility of national authorities.
|The Europass Curriculum Vitae (CV)
The Europass-CV provides persons with the opportunity to present in a clear and comprehensive way information on all their qualifications and competences. The Europass-CV is a personal document, which contains self declarations written by individual citizens.
The Europass-CV builds upon and replaces the common European format for curricula vitae (CVs) proposed by Recommendation 2002/236/EC.
The Europass-CV is the backbone of the Europass: a Europass portfolio for a given citizen will include the Europass-CV completed by the citizen himself or herself, and one or more other Europass documents, according to the specific learning and working history of that citizen. The electronic form of the Europass-CV makes it possible to establish links from its sections to the relevant Europass documents, for instance from the education and training section to a Diploma Supplement or a Certificate Supplement.
It provides persons with a model for the systematic, chronological and flexible presentation of their qualifications and competences. Specific directions on the different fields are provided and a set of guidelines and examples has also been produced to help citizens to complete the Europass-CV.
The Europass-CV includes categories for the presentation of:
- information on personal matters, language proficiency, work experience and educational and training attainments,
- additional competences held by the individual, emphasising technical, organisational, artistic and social skills,
- additional information which might be added to the Europass-CV in the form of one or more annexes.
The template is quite detailed, but it will be up to the individual citizens to choose which fields to fill. Citizens who complete the electronic form – either downloaded or on line – should be allowed to remove any field which they choose not to complete. For instance, a person who does not indicate his or her sex or who has no specific technical skill to report, should be allowed to remove these fields, so that no blank field appears on the screen or in the printed version.
|The Europass Language Passport
The Europass Language Passport allows learners to describe their language skills, skills that are vital for learning and working in Europe. The Europass-Language Portfolio is the property of the learner.
The Europass Language Passport was developed by the Council of Europe as part of the European Language Portfolio which consists of three documents: the Language Passport, the Language Biography and the Dossier.
The LP has two functions: pedagogic and reporting. As regards the former, it is designed to enhance the motivation of language learners to improve their ability to communicate in different languages and to pursue new learning and intercultural experiences. It seeks to help learners to reflect on their learning objectives, plan their learning and learn autonomously. As regards its reporting function, the LP aims to document its holder's language proficiency in a comprehensive, informative, transparent and reliable way. It helps learners take stock of the levels of competence they have reached in one or several foreign languages and enables them to inform others in a detailed and internationally comparable manner. All competence is valued, regardless of whether it is gained inside or outside the ambit of formal education.
The LP contains:
- a language passport which its owner regularly updates. The owner describes his/her language skills, in accordance with common criteria accepted throughout Europe,
- a detailed language biography describes the owner's experiences in each language, a dossier enables examples of personal work to be kept to illustrate language skills.
|The Europass Certificate Supplement
The information in the Europass Certificate Supplement is provided by the relevant certifying authorities.
The CS does not replace the original certificate and does not give any entitlement to formal recognition of the original certificate by authorities of other countries. On the other hand, it facilitates a sound appreciation of the original certificate, so that it can be helpful to obtain recognition by the competent authorities.
The Europass-Certificate Supplement (CS) is a document attached to a vocational certificate, in order to make it easier for third persons – particularly persons in another country – to understand what the certificate means in terms of competences acquired by its holder.
To this end, the CS provides information on:
- the skills and competences acquired,
- the range of occupations accessible,
- the awarding and accreditation bodies,
- the level of the certificate,
- the different ways of acquiring the certificate,
- the entry requirements and access opportunities to next level education.
|The Europass Diploma Supplement
The Europass Diploma Supplement was developed jointly with UNESCO and the Council of Europe.
The Europass-Diploma Supplement (DS) is a document attached to a higher education diploma, in order to make it easier for third persons – particularly persons in another country – to understand what the diploma means in terms of knowledge and competences acquired by its holder. To this end, the DS describes the nature, level, context, content and status of the studies that were pursued and success fully completed by the individual who holds the original diploma to which the DS is attached. It is therefore a personal document, referring to its specific holder.
The DS does not replace the original diploma and does not give any entitlement to formal recognition of the original diploma by academic authorities of other countries. On the other hand, it facilitates a sound appreciation of the original diploma, so that it can be helpful to obtain recognition by the competent authorities or by admission staff of higher education institutions.
The DS is produced by the competent national authorities in accordance with a template. The DS template is available in the official languages of the European Union. It is a flexible, non-prescriptive tool, which is conceived for practical purposes, can be adapted to local needs and is subject to regular revisions.
The DS includes eight sections. Information in all eight sections should be provided. Where information is not provided, an explanation should be given. Institutions have to apply to the DS the same authentication procedures as for the qualification itself. The eight sections are the following ones:
- identify the holder of the qualification and
- the qualification itself,
- give information on the level of the qualification,
- the contents and results gained,
- and the function of the qualification,
- allow for further information,
- certify the Supplement and,
- finally, give information on the national higher education system.
|The Europass Mobility
The Europass Mobility is a record of any organised period of time (called Europass Mobility experience) that a person spends in another European country for the purpose of learning or training (learning pathway).
A European learning pathway is a period that a person – of whatever age, educational level and occupational status – spends in another country for learning purposes and that: (a) either takes place within the framework of a Community programme in the field of education and training, (b) or satisfies all the following quality criteria:
- the period spent in another country takes place within the framework of a learning initiative based in the country of provenance of the person that follows it,
- the organisation responsible for the learning initiative in the country of provenance (sending organisation) stipulates with the host organisation and submits to the National Europass Centre, or a body delegated to manage the Europass-Mobility in the country of provenance, a written agreement on the content, objectives and duration of the European learning pathway, ensuring that appropriate linguistic preparation is provided to the person concerned, and identifying a mentor in the host country, charged with assisting, informing, guiding and monitoring the person concerned,
- each of the countries involved should be a Member State of the European Union or an EFTA/EEA country,
- where appropriate, the sending organisation and the host organisation cooperate in providing the person concerned with appropriate information about workplace health and safety, labour law, equality measures and other work-related provisions applying in the host country.
The mobility experience is monitored by two partner organisations, the first in the country of origin and the second in the host country. Both partners agree on the purpose, content and duration of the experience; a mentor is identified in the host country. The partners may be universities, schools, training centres, companies, NGOs, etc. The Europass Mobility is completed by the home and host organisations involved in the mobility project in a language agreed between both organisations and the person concerned.
The Europass-Mobility includes personal data. The name of the person who is awarded the Europass-Mobility is the only compulsory piece of personal data. The organisations completing the Europass-Mobility may only complete the other fields concerning personal data if the person concerned agrees to it. The field ‘Qualification’ is also not compulsory, in recognition of the fact that not all education or training initiatives lead to a formal qualification.
The structure is as follows “This europass mobility document “:
- This europass mobility document is awarded to
- This europass mobility document is issued by
- The partner organisations of the europass mobility experience (no) are
- Description of the europass mobility experience (No)
- Description of skills and competences acquired during the europass mobility experience
|Europass has been established by the Decision No 2241/2004/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 15 December 2004 on a single transparency framework for qualifications and competences.Decision No 2241/2004/EC
|Europass XML Schemas and XSLT Resources
LinkCEDEFOP has already developed XML schemas and XSL applications of Europass (CV and LP)
You may find in the following link:
- some useful XSL applications (xsl-utils);
- the W3C XML Schema (XSD) definitions, upon which Europass XML is based; and
- the description of Europass competences following the IMS Reusable Definition of Competency or Educational Objective information model (rdceo->competencies)
- the XSL transformation files for rendering Europass XML to HTML (Europass-xsl)