IMS Common Cartridge - Summary
|Common Cartridge specifies seven things:
- A format for exchange of content between systems so that there is a common way to interpret what the digital learning content is and how it is organized (IMS Common Cartridge). The content is described in a manifest and the components that make up the manifest may be in the exchanged package or external to the package (referenced by URL).
- A standard for the metadata describing the content in the cartridge (IMS Learning Object Metadata) - Common Cartridge is extensible to allow other metadata schemas.
- A standard for test items, tests, and assessments (IMS Question and Test Interoperability). This standard allows learning systems to understand imported assessments as natively - so they can be manipulated (such as deciding what items are to be used and where in the flow of a course) as needed in the learning system. Common Cartridge includes a question bank (i.e., a QTI objectbank), offering instructors additional questions to those contained within the pre-configured assessments, which they can configure around the core material.
- A standard for launching and exchanging data with external applications so that they can be part of a single learning experience orchestrated through the learning system (IMS Basic Learning Tools Interoperability). These can be literally any type of application in any location, such as social networking, wiki, external assessment systems, adaptive tutors, varieties of web-based content libraries, or other learning systems.
- A schema for populating online discussion forums for collaboration among students. This allows such forums to be pre-populated with potential exercises, discussion threads, and so forth.
- A schema for populating web links. This allows learning platforms to be pre-populated with links to relevant external resources.
- An authorization standard (access rules) for each component of the package (IMS Authorization Web Service). This allows "protected" content or applications (those requiring a license) to be contained in a cartridge in a flexible way along with unprotected content.