ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 - Overview

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These contents have been obtained from the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 web site and edited for presentation. Please refer to the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 web site for additional information on terms of use.
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The SC36 is the Subcommittee on Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training (ITLET). It was established by the ISO/IEC JTC 1 Information Technology in March, 2000 in London (UK).
Scope
The scope of the SC 36 is the standardization in the field of information technologies for learning, education and training to support individuals, groups or organizations and to enable interoperability and reusability of resources and tools. It is excluded the creation of standards and technical reports that define educational standards, cultural conventions, learning objectives or specific learning content. In addition, the standards and reports of this SC will not duplicate work done by ISO or IEC TCs, SCs or WGs with respect their component, specialty or domain. Instead, when appropriate, normative or informative references to other standars shall be included. Examples include documents on specialty topics such as multimedia, web content, cultural adaptation and security.
Vision

The vision of the SC36 is "A unified set of IT standards widely accepted by the intended class of users in the Learning Education and Training Market "
Purpose
The purpose of the SC36 is:
  • Provide quality IT LET standards that meet stakeholder needs.
  • Promote the use of IT LET standards produced by providing supporting materials.
  • Provide leadership in IT LET standardization through:
    • The development of a comprehensive set of integrated standards with broad international and professional consensus;
    • Initiating cooperative work with international professional and standards producing organizations;
  • A framework that:
    • Facilitates the integration of standards developed in other standards producing organizations;
    • Facilitates cooperation in the development of standards produced in SC36 and in other international standards producing organizations;
    • Minimizes the inconsistencies between related standards including those developed by other standard producing organizations.
Meetings
SC36 holds plenary meetings every 6 months in the months of March and September. They are open to delegates from National Bodies and Liaison organisations.
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To accomplish the SC36 work program in an efficient manner, SC36 currently has seven Working Groups, one Rapporteur Group, one Special Working Group, and one Ad Hoc.

The organizational structure reflects the needs in efficiently fulfilling and managing the current program of work. Since there are relationships between projects, there are several members who participate in more than one WG. Each WG has specific responsibilities in developing International Standards and Technical Reports in a specific technology area.

As of 2008-09, SC36 has 24 projects under active development. Next, it is a list of the several groups and projects:
Working Groups (WGs)
  • Working Group 1: Vocabulary. It is developing domain-specific terminology standards harmonized with the existing ISO/IEC 2382 series for IT vocabulary. To ensure effective vocabulary harmonization, there are members who serve as Liaisons between WG1 and the other WGs. This group is working in the following project:
    • ISO/IEC 2382-36 2nd Edition Information Technology Vocabulary – Part 36: Learning, Education, and Training

  • Working Group 2: Collaborative Technology. It is developing several standards to support the IT aspects of learner collaboration and the use of intelligent technology in LET environments. This group is working in the following project:
    • ISO/IEC 29127 (Technical Report) System Process and Architecture for Multilingual Semantic Reverse Query Expansion for LET

  • Working Group 3: Participant Information. It is developing standards that specify data models, bindings, codings, APIs, protocols, etc., for data interoperability and data exchange of information associated with learners (e.g. grades, preferences, competencies, objectives, portfolios and peers), and Nomadicity and Mobile Learning. This group is working in the following projects:
    • ISO/IEC 24763 (Technical Report) Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Conceptual Reference Model for Competencies and Related Objects
    • ISO/IEC 29140 (Technical Report) Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Nomadicity and Mobile Technologies

  • Working Group 4: Management and Delivery of Learning, Education, and Training (MDLET). It is focused on producing a multi-part standard and metadata for learning resources. The proposed data model includes a flexible framework for specifying disjointed conceptual schemas that define structures and data elements for metadata instances associated with learning resources. This group is working in the following projects:
    • ISO/IEC 19788-1 Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Metadata for Learning Resources – Part 1: Framework
    • ISO/IEC 19788-2 Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Metadata for Learning Resources – Part 2: Core Elements
    • ISO/IEC 19788-3 Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Metadata for Learning Resources – Part 3: Core Application Profile
    • ISO/IEC 19788-4 Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Metadata for Learning Resources – Part 4: Elements Elements
    • ISO/IEC 19788-5 Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Metadata for Learning Resources – Part 5: Educational Elements
    • ISO/IEC 19788-6 Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Metadata for Learning Resources – Part 6: Availability, Distribution, and Property Elements
    • ISO/IEC 12785-1 Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Content Packaging – Part 1: Information Model
    • ISO/IEC 12785-2 Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Content Packaging – Part 2: Content Packaging XML Binding
    • ISO/IEC 12785-3 Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Content Packaging – Part 3: Best Practice and Implementation Guide

  • Working Group 5: Quality Assurance and Descriptive Frameworks. It is focused on developing standards that provide guidelines and support functions specifically for the field of learning, education and training, in particular e-learning. This group is working in the following projects:
    • ISO/IEC 19796-2 Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Quality Management, Assurance, and Metrics – Part 2: Quality Model
    • ISO/IEC 19796-4 Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Quality Management, Assurance, and Metrics – Part 4: Best Practice and Implementation Guide
    • ISO/IEC 19796-5 Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Quality Management, Assurance, and Metrics – Part 5: Guide “How to use ISO/IEC 19796-1”

  • Working Group 6: Supportive Technology and Specification Integration. It is developing profile standards consisting of existing ISO, IEC and consortia standards, enabling the use of needed multiple domain standards that support e-learning environments. This group is working in the following projects:
    • ISO/IEC 24725-1 (Technical Report) Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Supportive Technology and Specification Integration – Part 1: Framework
    • ISO/IEC 24725-2 (Technical Report) Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Supportive Technology and Specification Integration – Part 2: Rights Expression Language (REL) – Commercial Applications
    • ISO/IEC 24725-3 Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training - ITLET – Supportive Technology and Specification Integration – Part 3: Platform and Media Taxonomy

  • Working Group 7: ITLET - Culture, language, and individual needs. Its scope is IT-related standardisation in support of diverse cultures, languages and individual needs in the field of learning, education and training, and its supporting technologies. It is developing standards ensuring that relevant features and processes of Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training are adaptable to the requirements of individual users. SC36/WG7 standards support the principles and the objectives of the 2006 “UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities” and follow the principles of “Inclusive Design”. This group is working in the following project:
    • ISO/IEC 24751-8 Individualized Adaptability and Accessibility in E-learning, Educationa and Training – Part 8: Language Accessibility and Human Interface Equivalencies (HIEs) in e-Learning Applications

Rapporteur Groups (RGs)
  • Rapporteur Group 1: Marketing Rapporteur Group (MRG): the team that develops and promotes public awareness of SC36. It plays a key role in supporting WG activities such as identifying market trends, promoting SC36 products, disseminating information to the public, increasing participation, and assisting National Member Bodies in promoting IT for LET.


Ad Hoc Groups
  • Ad Hoc Group 1: Privacy. This group is devoted to define privacy in the context of Learning, Education and Training. It will identify privacy requirements in this context. This group has been stopped in favour of a New Work Item (NWI) on Privacy to be submitted to SC36 (approved as a NWI ISO/IEC 29187 and transferred to WG3).


Special Working Groups (SWGs)
  • SWG Business Planning. This group is focused on implementing and maintaining a formal business planning process for SC36. It assists in SC36’s Formal Business Planning Process.


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These contents have been obtained from the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 web site and edited for presentation. Please refer to the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 web site for additional information on terms of use.
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International Standards
The ISO/IEC JTC1 SC 36 has produced the following International Standards up to date (organized by working group):
  • Working Group 1 - Vocabulary:

    • ISO/IEC 2382-36:2008: Information Technology Vocabulary – Part 36: Learning, Education, and Training, 1st Edition

  • Working Group 2 - Collaborative Technology:

  • Working Group 3 - Participant Information:

  • Working Group 4 - Management and Delivery of Learning, Education, and Training:

    • ISO/IEC 12785-1:2009: Information technology -- Learning, education and training -- Content packaging -- Part 1: Information model
    • ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011: Information technology -- Learning, education and training -- Metadata for learning resources -- Part 1: Framework


  • Working Group 5 - Quality Assurance and Descriptive Frameworks:

    • ISO/IEC 19796-1:2005: Quality Management, Assurance, and Metrics – Part 1: General Approach
    • ISO/IEC 23988:2007: A code of practice for the use of information technology in the delivery of assessments
    • ISO/IEC 19796-3:2009 : Quality Management, Assurance, and Metrics - Part 3: Reference Methods and Metrics

  • Working Group 7 - ITLET Culture, language, and individual needs:

    • ISO/IEC 24751-1:2008: Individualized Adaptability and Accessibility in E-learning, Educationa and Training – Part 1: Framework
    • ISO/IEC 24751-2:2008: Individualized Adaptability and Accessibility in E-learning, Education and Training – Part 2: AccessForAll Personal Needs and Preferences Statement
    • ISO/IEC 24751-3:2008: Individualized Adaptability and Accessibility in E-learning, Education and Training – Part 3: AccessForAll Digital Resource Description

Technical Reports
In exceptional circumstances, the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 may propose the publication of a Technical Report of one of the following types:
  • type 1, when the required support cannot be obtained for the publication of an International Standard, despite repeated efforts;

  • type 2, when the subject is still under technical development or where for any other reason there is the future but not immediate possibility of an agreement on an International Standard;

  • type 3, when the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 has collected data of a different kind from that which is normally published as an International Standard (“state of the art”, for example).
Technical Reports of types 1 and 2 are subject to review within three years of publication, to decide whether they can be transformed into International Standards. Technical Reports of type 3 do not necessarily have to be reviewed until the data they provide are considered to be no longer valid or useful.
Currently, the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 has published the following type 1-2 Technical Reports:
  • ISO/IEC TR 24725-3:2010: Information technology for learning, education and training -- Supportive technology and specific integration -- Part 3: Platform and Media Taxonomy (PMT)
And the following type 2 Technical Reports:
  • ISO/IEC TR 29163-1:2009: Information technology -- Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM®) 2004 3rd Edition -- Part 1: Overview Version 1.1
  • ISO/IEC TR 29163-2:2009: Information technology -- Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM®) 2004 3rd Edition -- Part 2: Content Aggregation Model Version 1.1
  • ISO/IEC TR 29163-3:2009: Information technology -- Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM®) 2004 3rd Edition -- Part 3: Run-Time Environment Version 1.1
  • ISO/IEC TR 29163-4:2009: Information technology -- Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM®) 2004 3rd Edition -- Part 4: Sequencing and Navigation Version 1.1
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These contents have been obtained from the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 web site and edited for presentation. Please refer to the ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 web site for additional information on terms of use.
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SC36 has identified two aspects of cooperation in successfully planning, implementing and completing a program of work. The first aspect focuses on the internal cooperation of JTC1 SCs and JTC1 SWGs, and ISO TCs, with SC36. The second aspect focuses on cooperation with standards development organizations, consortia, and fora, external to SC36. External standards development organizations, consortia, and fora could be considered competition. From a Business Planning perspective, SC36 views these organizations as partners in planning, developing and completing a global market relevant program of work.
Internal Liaisons
SC36 maintains internal liaisons with the following ISO, IEC, and JTC1 Subcommittees and Working Groups:
External Category A Liaisons
[Taken from JTC1 Directives] Category A liaisons are those "...Organizations which make an effective contribution to and participate actively in the work of ... SCs for most of the questions dealt with by the committee...":
External Category C Liaisons
[Taken from JTC1 Directives] Category C liaisons are established with those "...Organizations which make an effective technical contribution and participate actively at the WG or project level of ... SCs...":
  • DCMI: Dublin Core Metadata Initiative

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ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the work. In the field of information technology, ISO and IEC have established a joint technical committee, ISO/IEC JTC 1.

The main task of the joint technical committee is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards adopted by the joint technical committee are circulated to national bodies for voting. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the national bodies casting a vote.

SC36 has the resources of 34 National Bodies and 19 Liaison Bodies to staff its groups. The 34 National Bodies are arranged into 26 Participant-members and 8 Observing-members:


  • P (participating) members: Algeria (IANOR), Australia (SA), Canada (SCC), China (SAC), Czech Republic (CNI), Denmark (DS), Finland (SFS), France (AFNOR), Germany (DIN), India (BIS), Ireland (NSAI), Italy (UNI), Japan (JISC), Kazakhstan (KAZMEMST), Kenya (KEBS), Korea (KATS), Luxembourg (ILNAS), Netherlands (NEN), New Zealand (SNZ), Norway (SN), Russian Federation (GOST R), Spain (AENOR), Sweden (SIS), Ukraine (DSSU), United Kingdom (BSI), United States (ANSI).

  • O (observing) members: Columbia (ICONTEC), Hong Kong China (ITCHKSAR), Hungary (MSZT), Indonesia (BSN), Malaysia (DSM), , Singapore (SPRING SG), Switzerland (SNV), Turkey (TSE).

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